spring-boot-assembly

  1. 在spring boot项目中使用maven profiles和maven assembly插件根据不同环境打包成tar.gz或者zip
  2. 将spring boot项目中的配置文件提取到外部config目录中
  3. 将spring boot项目中的启动jar包移动到boot目录中
  4. 将spring boot项目中的第三方依赖jar包移动到外部lib目录中
  5. bin目录中是启动,停止,重启服务命令
  6. 打包后的目录结构类似于tomcat/maven目录结构

代码托管

Github | Gitee

主要插件

  1. maven-assembly-plugin
  2. maven-jar-plugin
  3. spring-boot-maven-plugin
  4. maven-dependency-plugin
  5. maven-resources-plugin

CHANGELOG

CHANGELOG

1.maven-assembly-plugin 配置assembly.xml文件路径

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<plugin>
<artifactId>maven-assembly-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.1.0</version>
<configuration>
<descriptors>
<descriptor>src/main/assembly/assembly.xml</descriptor>
</descriptors>
</configuration>
<executions>
<execution>
<id>make-assembly</id>
<phase>package</phase>
<goals>
<goal>single</goal>
</goals>
</execution>
</executions>
</plugin>

2.assembly.xml打包配置文件

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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<assembly>
<!-- 可自定义,这里指定的是项目环境 -->
<!-- spring-boot-assembly-local-1.0.RELEASE.tar.gz -->
<id>${profileActive}-${project.version}</id>

<!-- 打包的类型,如果有N个,将会打N个类型的包 -->
<formats>
<format>tar.gz</format>
<!--<format>zip</format>-->
</formats>

<includeBaseDirectory>true</includeBaseDirectory>

<fileSets>
<!--
0755->即用户具有读/写/执行权限,组用户和其它用户具有读写权限;
0644->即用户具有读写权限,组用户和其它用户具有只读权限;
-->
<!-- 将src/bin目录下的所有文件输出到打包后的bin目录中 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}/src/bin</directory>
<outputDirectory>bin</outputDirectory>
<fileMode>0755</fileMode>
<includes>
<include>**.sh</include>
<include>**.bat</include>
</includes>
</fileSet>

<!-- 指定输出target/classes中的配置文件到config目录中 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}/target/classes</directory>
<outputDirectory>config</outputDirectory>
<fileMode>0644</fileMode>
<includes>
<include>application.yml</include>
<include>application-${profileActive}.yml</include>
<include>mapper/**/*.xml</include>
<include>static/**</include>
<include>templates/**</include>
<include>*.xml</include>
<include>*.properties</include>
</includes>
</fileSet>

<!-- 将第三方依赖打包到lib目录中 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}/target/lib</directory>
<outputDirectory>lib</outputDirectory>
<fileMode>0755</fileMode>
</fileSet>

<!-- 将项目启动jar打包到boot目录中 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}/target</directory>
<outputDirectory>boot</outputDirectory>
<fileMode>0755</fileMode>
<includes>
<include>${project.build.finalName}.jar</include>
</includes>
</fileSet>

<!-- 包含根目录下的文件 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}</directory>
<includes>
<include>NOTICE</include>
<include>LICENSE</include>
<include>*.md</include>
</includes>
</fileSet>
</fileSets>

</assembly>

3.spring-boot-maven-plugin 排除启动jar包中依赖的jar包

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<plugin>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
<configuration>
<layout>ZIP</layout>
<includes>
<!-- 项目启动jar包中排除依赖包 -->
<include>
<groupId>non-exists</groupId>
<artifactId>non-exists</artifactId>
</include>
</includes>
</configuration>
</plugin>

4.maven-jar-plugin 自定义maven jar打包内容

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<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-jar-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.1.0</version>
<configuration>
<archive>
<manifest>
<!-- 项目启动类 -->
<mainClass>Application</mainClass>
<!-- 依赖的jar的目录前缀 -->
<classpathPrefix>../lib</classpathPrefix>
<addClasspath>true</addClasspath>
</manifest>
</archive>
<includes>
<!-- 只打包指定目录的文件 -->
<include>io/geekidea/springboot/**</include>
</includes>
</configuration>
</plugin>

5.maven-dependency-plugin 复制项目的依赖包到指定目录

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<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-dependency-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.1.0</version>
<executions>
<execution>
<phase>prepare-package</phase>
<goals>
<goal>copy-dependencies</goal>
</goals>
<configuration>
<outputDirectory>target/lib</outputDirectory>
<overWriteReleases>false</overWriteReleases>
<overWriteSnapshots>false</overWriteSnapshots>
<overWriteIfNewer>true</overWriteIfNewer>
<includeScope>compile</includeScope>
</configuration>
</execution>
</executions>
</plugin>

6.maven-resources-plugin

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<plugin>
<groupId>org.apache.maven.plugins</groupId>
<artifactId>maven-resources-plugin</artifactId>
<version>3.1.0</version>
</plugin>
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<resource>
<directory>src/main/resources</directory>
<filtering>true</filtering>
<includes>
<include>application.yml</include>
<include>application-${profileActive}.yml</include>
<include>mapper/**/*.xml</include>
<include>static/**</include>
<include>templates/**</include>
<include>*.xml</include>
<include>*.properties</include>
</includes>
</resource>

7.maven profiles配置

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<!--MAVEN打包选择运行环境-->
<!-- 1:local(默认) 本地 2:dev:开发环境 3:test 4:uat 用户验收测试 5.pro:生产环境-->
<profiles>
<profile>
<id>local</id>
<properties>
<profileActive>local</profileActive>
</properties>
<activation>
<activeByDefault>true</activeByDefault>
</activation>
</profile>
<profile>
<id>dev</id>
<properties>
<profileActive>dev</profileActive>
</properties>
<activation>
<activeByDefault>false</activeByDefault>
</activation>
</profile>
<profile>
<id>test</id>
<properties>
<profileActive>test</profileActive>
</properties>
<activation>
<activeByDefault>false</activeByDefault>
</activation>
</profile>
<profile>
<id>uat</id>
<properties>
<profileActive>uat</profileActive>
</properties>
<activation>
<activeByDefault>false</activeByDefault>
</activation>
</profile>
<profile>
<id>prod</id>
<properties>
<profileActive>prod</profileActive>
</properties>
<activation>
<activeByDefault>false</activeByDefault>
</activation>
</profile>
</profiles>

8.阿里云仓库配置

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<repositories>
<!--阿里云仓库-->
<repository>
<id>aliyun</id>
<url>http://maven.aliyun.com/nexus/content/groups/public/</url>
</repository>
</repositories>

项目源码结构
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├─bin
│ restart.sh
│ shutdown.sh
│ startup.bat
│ startup.sh

├─logs
│ springboot-assembly.log

├─main
│ ├─assembly
│ │ assembly.xml
│ │
│ ├─java
│ │ └─io
│ │ └─geekidea
│ │ └─springboot
│ │ └─assembly
│ │ Application.java
│ │ HelloController.java
│ │ HelloService.java
│ │ HelloServiceImpl.java
│ │
│ └─resources
│ │ application-dev.yml
│ │ application-local.yml
│ │ application-prod.yml
│ │ application-test.yml
│ │ application-uat.yml
│ │ application.yml
│ │
│ ├─mapper
│ │ │ test.xml
│ │ │
│ │ └─hello
│ │ hello.xml
│ │
│ ├─static
│ │ index.html
│ │
│ └─templates
│ test.txt

└─test
项目打包
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mvn clean package
使用maven assembly插件打包local环境后的压缩包,target目录下
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spring-boot-assembly-local-1.0.RELEASE.tar.gz
linux解压tar.gz
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tar -zxvf spring-boot-assembly-local-1.0.RELEASE.tar.gz
解压后的目录结构
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└─spring-boot-assembly
│ LICENSE
│ NOTICE
│ README.md

├─bin
│ restart.sh
│ shutdown.sh
│ startup.bat
│ startup.sh

├─boot
│ spring-boot-assembly.jar

├─config
│ │ application-local.yml
│ │ application.yml
│ │
│ ├─mapper
│ │ │ test.xml
│ │ │
│ │ └─hello
│ │ hello.xml
│ │
│ ├─static
│ │ index.html
│ │
│ └─templates
│ test.txt

└─lib
classmate-1.4.0.jar
fastjson-1.2.54.jar
hibernate-validator-6.0.13.Final.jar
jackson-annotations-2.9.0.jar
jackson-core-2.9.7.jar
jackson-databind-2.9.7.jar
jackson-datatype-jdk8-2.9.7.jar
jackson-datatype-jsr310-2.9.7.jar
jackson-module-parameter-names-2.9.7.jar
javax.annotation-api-1.3.2.jar
jboss-logging-3.3.2.Final.jar
jul-to-slf4j-1.7.25.jar
log4j-api-2.11.1.jar
log4j-to-slf4j-2.11.1.jar
logback-classic-1.2.3.jar
logback-core-1.2.3.jar
slf4j-api-1.7.25.jar
snakeyaml-1.23.jar
spring-aop-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-beans-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-autoconfigure-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-starter-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-starter-json-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-starter-logging-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-starter-tomcat-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-boot-starter-web-2.1.0.RELEASE.jar
spring-context-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-core-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-expression-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-jcl-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-web-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
spring-webmvc-5.1.2.RELEASE.jar
tomcat-embed-core-9.0.12.jar
tomcat-embed-el-9.0.12.jar
tomcat-embed-websocket-9.0.12.jar
validation-api-2.0.1.Final.jar

window启动,会打开浏览器,访问项目测试路径
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bin/startup.bat
linux启动,停止,重启
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sh bin/startup.sh   启动项目
sh bin/shutdown.sh 停止服务
sh bin/restart.sh 重启服务
```

##### startup.sh 脚本中的主要内容
- 配置项目名称及项目启动jar名称,默认项目名称与启动jar名称一致

```bash
APPLICATION="spring-boot-assembly"
APPLICATION_JAR="${APPLICATION}.jar"
  • JAVA_OPTION配置
    • JVM Configuration
    • -Xmx256m:设置JVM最大可用内存为256m,根据项目实际情况而定,建议最小和最大设置成一样。
    • -Xms256m:设置JVM初始内存。此值可以设置与-Xmx相同,以避免每次垃圾回收完成后JVM重新分配内存
    • -Xmn512m:设置年轻代大小为512m。整个JVM内存大小=年轻代大小 + 年老代大小 + 持久代大小。持久代一般固定大小为64m,所以增大年轻代,将会减小年老代大小。此值对系统性能影响较大,Sun官方推荐配置为整个堆的3/8
    • -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m:存储class的内存大小,该值越大触发Metaspace GC的时机就越晚
    • -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=320m:限制Metaspace增长的上限,防止因为某些情况导致Metaspace无限的使用本地内存,影响到其他程序
    • -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow:解决重复异常不打印堆栈信息问题
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JAVA_OPT="-server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn512m -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=256m"
JAVA_OPT="${JAVA_OPT} -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow"

执行启动命令:后台启动项目,并将日志输出到项目根目录下的logs文件夹下

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nohup java ${JAVA_OPT} -jar ${BASE_PATH}/boot/${APPLICATION_JAR} --spring.config.location=${CONFIG_DIR} > ${LOG_PATH} 2>&1 &

最终执行jar包的命令

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nohup java -server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn512m -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=256m -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow -jar /opt/spring-boot-assembly/boot/spring-boot-assembly.jar --spring.config.location=/opt/spring-boot-assembly/config/ > /opt/spring-boot-assembly/logs/spring-boot-assembly.log 2>&1 &
  • nohup:在后台运行jar包,然后将运行日志输出到指定位置
  • -server:指定JVM参数
  • -jar /opt/spring-boot-assembly/boot/spring-boot-assembly.jar:指定启动的jar包
  • 启动命令中指定的启动jar包路径,配置文件路径,日志路径都是绝对路径
  • 可在任何位置执行start.sh,shutdown.sh,restart.sh脚本
  • –spring.config.location:指定配置文件目录或者文件名称,如果是目录,以/结束
  • > /opt/spring-boot-assembly/logs/spring-boot-assembly.log:指定日志输出路径
  • 2>&1 & :将正常的运行日志和错误日志合并输入到指定日志,并在后台运行

shutdown.sh停服脚本,实现方式:找到当前项目的PID,然后kill -9

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PID=$(ps -ef | grep "${APPLICATION_JAR}" | grep -v grep | awk '{ print $2 }')
kill -9 ${PID}

日志记录

项目启动日志存储路径,一个项目只有一个启动日志文件
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logs/spring-boot-assembly_startup.log
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================================================ 2018-12-12 12:36:56 ================================================
application name: spring-boot-assembly
application jar name: spring-boot-assembly.jar
application bin path: /opt/spring-boot-assembly/bin
application root path: /opt/spring-boot-assembly
application log path: /opt/spring-boot-assembly/logs/spring-boot-assembly.log
application JAVA_OPT : -server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn512m -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=256m -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow
application background startup command: nohup java -server -Xms256m -Xmx256m -Xmn512m -XX:MetaspaceSize=64m -XX:MaxMetaspaceSize=256m -XX:-OmitStackTraceInFastThrow -jar /opt/spring-boot-assembly/boot/spring-boot-assembly.jar --spring.config.location=/opt/spring-boot-assembly/config/ > /opt/spring-boot-assembly/logs/spring-boot-assembly.log 2>&1 &
application pid: 11596
项目运行日志存储路径,最近一次启动项目的运行日志
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logs/spring-boot-assembly.log
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.   ____          _            __ _ _
/\\ / ___'_ __ _ _(_)_ __ __ _ \ \ \ \
( ( )\___ | '_ | '_| | '_ \/ _` | \ \ \ \
\\/ ___)| |_)| | | | | || (_| | ) ) ) )
' |____| .__|_| |_|_| |_\__, | / / / /
=========|_|==============|___/=/_/_/_/
:: Spring Boot :: (v2.1.0.RELEASE)

2018-12-12 23:28:58.420 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication : Starting application on VM_0_17_centos with PID 11596 (started by root in /opt/spring-boot-assembly)
2018-12-12 23:28:58.442 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication : The following profiles are active: local
2018-12-12 23:29:01.355 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer : Tomcat initialized with port(s): 8080 (http)
2018-12-12 23:29:01.437 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService : Starting service [Tomcat]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.437 INFO 11596 --- [ main] org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngine : Starting Servlet Engine: Apache Tomcat/9.0.12
2018-12-12 23:29:01.461 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.a.catalina.core.AprLifecycleListener : The APR based Apache Tomcat Native library which allows optimal performance in production environments was not found on the java.library.path: [/usr/java/packages/lib/amd64:/usr/lib64:/lib64:/lib:/usr/lib]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.646 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.a.c.c.C.[.[localhost].[/example] : Initializing Spring embedded WebApplicationContext
2018-12-12 23:29:01.647 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.web.context.ContextLoader : Root WebApplicationContext: initialization completed in 3028 ms
2018-12-12 23:29:01.708 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.servlet.ServletRegistrationBean : Servlet dispatcherServlet mapped to [/]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.712 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean : Mapping filter: 'characterEncodingFilter' to: [/*]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.712 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean : Mapping filter: 'hiddenHttpMethodFilter' to: [/*]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.712 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean : Mapping filter: 'formContentFilter' to: [/*]
2018-12-12 23:29:01.713 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.servlet.FilterRegistrationBean : Mapping filter: 'requestContextFilter' to: [/*]
2018-12-12 23:29:02.250 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.s.concurrent.ThreadPoolTaskExecutor : Initializing ExecutorService 'applicationTaskExecutor'
2018-12-12 23:29:03.179 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.b.w.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer : Tomcat started on port(s): 8080 (http) with context path '/example'
2018-12-12 23:29:03.182 INFO 11596 --- [ main] o.s.boot.SpringApplication : Started application in 5.844 seconds (JVM running for 6.547)
spring.profiles.active = local
contextPath = /example
server.port = 8080
hello = Hello Local
http://localhost:8080/example/hello?name=123
项目历史运行日志存储路径,每启动一次项目,会将之前的运行日志移动到back目录
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`-- logs
|-- back
| |-- spring-boot-assembly_back_2018-12-12-23-30-10.log
| `-- spring-boot-assembly_back_2018-12-12-23-36-56.log
|-- spring-boot-assembly.log
`-- spring-boot-assembly_startup.log

maven项目打包

1. 使用IDEA工具打包,选择对应的profiles,然后clean package

mvn-clean-package-local
mvn-clean-package-dev

2. 使用maven命令打包
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mvn clean package -Pdev
3. 使用mvn-package脚本打包

window

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mvn-package.bat dev

linux/mac

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sh mvn-package.sh dev

FAQ

Q: 项目打成tar包后,不能正常读取resource目录下的某些配置文件
A:如果resource目录中还用到其它配置文件,需要在pom.xml和assembly.xml文件的resource中进行配置
  1. pom.xml中的resource默认配置

    把需要打包的文件添加到include中

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<!-- 资源文件配置 -->
<resource>
<directory>src/main/resources</directory>
<filtering>true</filtering>
<includes>
<include>application.yml</include>
<include>application-${profileActive}.yml</include>
<include>mapper/**/*.xml</include>
<include>static/**</include>
<include>templates/**</include>
<include>*.xml</include>
<include>*.properties</include>
<!-- xxx.keystore -->
<include>xxx.keystore</include>
</includes>
</resource>
  1. assembly.xml中的resource默认配置

    把需要打包的文件添加到include中

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<!-- 指定输出target/classes中的配置文件到config目录中 -->
<fileSet>
<directory>${basedir}/target/classes</directory>
<outputDirectory>config</outputDirectory>
<fileMode>0644</fileMode>
<includes>
<include>application.yml</include>
<include>application-${profileActive}.yml</include>
<include>mapper/**/*.xml</include>
<include>static/**</include>
<include>templates/**</include>
<include>*.xml</include>
<include>*.properties</include>
<!-- xxx.keystore -->
<include>xxx.keystore</include>
</includes>
</fileSet>
参考:
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Fast-Spring-Boot

fast-spring-boot

集成Spring Boot 2.1,Mybatis,Mybatis Plus,Druid,FastJson,Redis,Rabbit MQ,Kafka等,可使用代码生成器快速开发项目,使用maven assembly打包发布

项目地址

https://github.com/geekidea/fast-spring-boot

项目主页

https://geekidea.io/fast-spring-boot/

fast-spring-boot CHANGELOG

CHANGELOG

fast-spring-boot swagger api 访问地址

https://fast-spring-boot.cfapps.io/docs

fast-spring-boot apidocs 访问地址

https://geekidea.io/fast-spring-boot/apidocs

项目目标

  • 快速开发
  • 灵活配置
  • 方便维护
  • 快速定位问题
  • 可持续集成
  • 快速部署
  • 集成分布式缓存
  • 集成分布式事务
  • 集成分布式数据库
  • 集成分布式消息队列
  • 集成分布式任务调度系统
  • 可监控项目运行指标
  • 可监控数据库运行指标
  • 数据CRUD日志版本记录
  • HTTP请求监控
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